repoze.bfg supports a traditional form of virtual hosting provided by packages like Paste’s urlmap “composite” WSGI application. Using such a package, you can host a repoze.bfg application as a “subset” of some other site (e.g. http://example.com/mybfgapplication/).
If you use the urlmap composite application “in front” of a repoze.bfg application, nothing special needs to be done within the application for URLs to be generated that contain the prefix spelled by the package config. Packages such as urlmap manipulate the WSGI environment in such a way that the PATH_INFO and SCRIPT_NAME variables are correct for some given prefix.
If you’re using an Apache server to proxy to a Paste urlmap composite, you may have to use the ProxyPreserveHost directive to pass the original HTTP_HOST header along to the application, so URLs get generated properly. As of this writing the urlmap composite does not seem to respect the HTTP_X_FORWARDED_HOST parameter, which will contain the original host header even if HTTP_HOST is incorrect.
Here’s an example of a PasteDeploy configuration snippet that includes a urlmap composite.
[app:mybfgapp] use = egg:mybfgapp#app [composite:main] use = egg:Paste#urlmap /bfgapp = bfgapp
This “roots” the repoze.bfg application at the prefix /bfgapp and serves up the composite as the “main” application in the file.
Virtual root support is useful when you’d like to host some model in a repoze.bfg model graph as an application under a URL pathname that does not include the model path itself. For example, you might want to serve the object at the traversal path /cms as an application reachable via http://example.com/ (as opposed to http://example.com/cms).
To specify a virtual root, cause an environment variable to be inserted into the WSGI environ named HTTP_X_VHM_ROOT with a value that is the absolute pathname to the model object in the traversal graph that should behave as the “root” model. As a result, the traversal machinery will respect this value during traversal (prepending it to the PATH_INFO before traversal starts), and the repoze.bfg.url.model_url API will generate the “correct” virtually-rooted URLs.
An example of an Apache mod_proxy configuration that will host the /cms subobject as http://www.example.com/ using this facility is below:
NameVirtualHost *:80 <VirtualHost *:80> ServerName www.example.com RewriteEngine On RewriteRule ^/(.*) http://127.0.0.1:6543/$1 [L,P] ProxyPreserveHost on RequestHeader add X-Vhm-Root /cms </VirtualHost>
For a repoze.bfg application running under mod_wsgi, the same can be achieved using SetEnv:
<Location /> SetEnv HTTP_X_VHM_ROOT /cms </Location>
Setting a virtual root has no effect when using an application based on URL dispatch.